This list is based on the 7th. ed. of the MLA Handbook to provide examples for the most basic types of citations. Because there are so many possible variations, please refer to the handbook for a more exhaustive list of examples. MLA-Handbook for Writers of Research Papers 7th. ed.
Parenthetical Documentation [MLA 6]
All sources cited in the text should be listed in the Works Cited.
The author’s name may be included in the text and only the page numbers in parentheses. “As Allison asserts (97), the....” Many instructors prefer this method.
Alternatively, use the first part of your citation for parenthetical documentation. Usually, that will be the author or authors’ last names. Follow with the page number. (Brown and Proper 17).
Use as little information as possible while making a unique identification. If there are two books by the same author, you must include part of the title. (Allison, Whatever 97).
When you are quoting person A in who was quoted in person B’s essay, your parenthetical reference should acknowledge that: Allison believes such and such (qtd. in Brown and Proper 256).
If you have no page numbers, it usually flows better to include an indirect reference in the text. “According to Allison, the...”
Example with appropriate spacing. Be sure there is only one space after punctuation.
Author. “Title of Article.” Book Title. Editor. Edition. Volume.
Place of Publication: Publisher, Date. Pages. Medium of Publication.
Book with One Author [MLA 5.5.2]
Hoover, John. Time Management: Set Priorities to Get the Right Things Done. New Yoyr: Collins, 2001. Print.
Two or Three Authors [MLA 5.5.4]
Brown, Nathan, and Sheryle A. Proper. The Everything Paying for College Book. Avon: Adams, 2005. Print.
Four or More Authors [MLA 5.5.4]
Bassis, Michael S., et al. Sociology: An Introduction. 4th ed. New York: McGraw, 1991. Print.
No Author [MLA 5.5.9]
(Note: Begin with the title if a source has no author.)
The House Book. London: Phaidon, 2001. Print.
An Editor [MLA 5.5.10]
Vecchione, Patrice, ed. Faith and Doubt: An Anthology of Poems. New York: Holt, 2007. Print.
Corporate Author [MLA 5.5.5]
American Heart Assn. American Heart Association Low-Salt Cookbook. New York: Clarkson Potter, 2006. Print.
An Editor in Addition to an Author [MLA 5.5.10]
Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. Ed. F. W. Robinson. Boston: Houghton, 1957. Print.
A Work in an Anthology [MLA 5.5.6]
Chan, Janet. “Changing Police Culture.” Policing: Key Readings. Ed. Tim Newburn. Cullompton: Willan, 2005. 338-63. Print.
A Work in an Anthology: Reprint of a Previously Published Scholarly Article [MLA 5.5.6]
(Note: List first the information about where the essay was originally published. When reprinted multiple times, use only the original source and the source where you found the material.)
Ball, John Clement. “An Interview with Salman Rushdie.” Toronto South Asian Review 10.1 (1991): 30-37. Rpt. in Conversations with Salman Rushdie. Ed. Michael Reder. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1994. 101-09. Print.
A Work in an Anthology: Excerpt [MLA 5.5.6]
(Note: Includes Contemporary Literary Criticism, Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism, etc.)
Monteiro, George. “For the Record: Text and Picture in ‘The Open Boat’.” Journal of Modern Literature 11.2 (1984): 307-11. Excerpt from Short Stories for Students. Ed. Kathleen Wilson and Marie Lazzari. Vol. 4. Detroit: Gale, 1998. 210-13. Print.
A Book Published in a Second or Subsequent Edition [MLA 5.5.13]
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th ed. New York: MLA, 2009. Print.
An Article in a Reference Book: Specialized Work [MLA 5.5.7]
“Stepmothers.” The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Folktales and Fairy Tales. Ed. Donald Haase. Vol. 3. Westport: Greenwood, 2008. Print.
An Article in a Reference Book: Introduction, Foreword, Preface or Afterword [MLA 5.5.8]
“Immanuel Kant.” Introduction. Nineteenth Century Literature Criticism. Ed. Denise Evans. Vol. 67. Detroit: Gale,1998. Print.
An Article in a Reference Book: Encyclopedia Article, Signed [MLA 5.5.7]
Epps, Helen H. “Textiles.” World Book Encyclopedia. 2003 ed. Print.
An Article in a Reference Book: Dictionary or Encyclopedia Article, Unsigned [MLA 5.5.7]
“Onomatopoeia.” Entry 1. Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary. 11th ed. 2003. Print.
Book in a Series [MLA 5.5.15]
(Note: This includes Information Plus, Opposing Viewpoints, and Contemporary World Issues.)
Watkins, Christine, ed. Sports and Athletes. Detroit: Greenhaven, 2009. Print. Opposing Viewpoints Ser.
Two or More Works by Different Authors from the Same Anthology [MLA 5.5.6 and 5.3.6]
(Note: Make a complete entry for the anthology and briefer entries for each essay)
Gunn, James, Marlene S. Barr, and Matthew Candelaria, eds. Reading Science Fiction. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2009. Print.
Freedman, Carl. “Marxism and Science Fiction.” Gunn, Barr, and Candelaria 120-32.
Sargent, Pamela. “Science Fiction and Biology.” Gunn, Barr, and Candelaria 219-26.
Government Publication [MLA 5.5.20]
(Note: Use the name of the government, then the name of the agency as the document author unless a specificindividual author is given.)
United States Cong. Office of Technology Assessment. Changing by Degrees: Steps to Reduce Greenhouse Gases. Washington: GPO, 1991. Print.
MAGAZINES and JOURNALS
Example with appropriate spacing. This is a scholarly journal in a database. Other periodicals may require different information as shown in the examples below.
Author. “Article Title.” Journal Title Volume.Issue (Year): pages. Database.
Medium of Publication. Access date.